Year 2 Phonics and Spelling Information


Throughout the teaching of phonics, your child will encounter words that they 'cannot sound out'.  These are what we call 'TRICKY WORDS'.  Your child must learn to read and spell the tricky words within the phase they are working.  If you want to know what phase your child is working in, speak to your class teacher.  


Below are songs helping your child to learn these words.

Phase 2 tricky word song

Phase 3 tricky word song

Phase 4 tricky word song

Phase 5 tricky words song


6D421BF0-1906-48C4-BB38-D0888CC70EF5.jpegWhen they enter Year 2, children are expected to be able to read and write all the graphemes taught and be secure in phase 5.  In year 2 they will be taught phase 6 phonics.

Phonics vocabulary

phoneme - the smallest unit of sound within a word.

grapheme - a letter or group of letters that represents a sound (phoneme).

segment - breaking down a word into each of its phonemes and graphemes to help children learn how to write a word.

blend - combining sounds to make a word

root word - words that are used that do not have an additional prefix or suffix added to the end or beginning of them

suffix - a group of letters that is added to the end of a root word to change its meaning.

prefix - a group of letters that is added to the beginning of a root word to change its meaning.

homophone - a word which is pronounced like another but has a different meaning.

contraction - a word made by shortening and combining two words with an apostrophe.

Here are the graphemes taught in EYFS and Year 1

Phase 2 Graphemes


Phase 3 Graphemes


There are no new graphemes taught in phase 4.  In this phase, your child is taught how to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants.  

Phase 5 Graphemes


Year 2 Spelling Patterns

Year 2 Spelling Patterns sessions take place throughout Year 2, with the aim of children becoming fluent readers and accurate spellers. These spelling pattern introduce the children to new spelling rules and conventions, especially those concerning the addition of prefixes and suffixes to change the meaning and purpose of a word.  






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Sherwood Primary School, Sherwood Way, Fulwood, Preston, PR2 9GA

Tel: 01772 719093 | Email:

SEND (Special Educational Needs and Disability) Enquiries | Mrs K Hobson